“The third option is that other possibility…”
– Lynn Barrette, Counselor and inspirational blogger
Life Insurance: It’s Not An Either/Or Decision
“Whole Life or Term Insurance?” It’s a never-ending debate amongst financial advisors and self-proclaimed experts. Today, we’d like to suggest a third option.
But first… let’s summarize the two most popular and obvious choices:
Term life insurance is life insurance purchased for a limited time, such as 15 or 20 years. Term insurance is affordable, providing the insured with more coverage for less premium. Thus it puts a greater protection in place, in the form of a death benefit. However, term life insurance policies rarely provide that benefit, because of the limited time frame of the coverage. They are less expensive because they almost always expire (like product warranties) before they’re likely to be used.
Like most other insurances, term life is an “if” insurance, not a “when” insurance. A benefit is paid only IF your house burns down, IF your car is vandalized, or IF someone passes away long before expected.
Whole life insurance, on the other hand, is a “when” insurance. It is permanent life insurance designed to provide a benefit WHEN the insured passes.
Whole life policies also allow the policy owner to build liquidity in the form of savings. Cash value builds equity in a whole life policy. Purchased through a mutual insurance company, such policies have a long history of providing dividends, tax-advantaged growth, and an option to borrow against the equity in the policy. (Dividends are historically reliable but not guaranteed.)
So… which is better: Whole life or term insurance? Opinions run strong on this matter. Life insurance shoppers are made to feel they have to choose one option or the other.
We’re led to believe it’s an either/or dilemma. Yet as we assert in Busting the Life Insurance Lies, often “both” term and whole life makes sense. And what if we can actually have some of the benefits of both in one policy?
Think about questions like:
- Steak or lobster?
- Cats or dogs?
- Ginger or Mary Ann?
These questions are designed to make us pick just one. But what if we want both? Surf and turf can be pretty delicious, after all.
Buy Vs. Rent Your Life Insurance?
Life insurance policies are sometimes compared to a home that you can either buy or rent. Term insurance is like renting life insurance. You only get to keep it for a certain term, and when that term expires, you no longer have it. With whole life, as soon as you make your first premium payment, you’ve begun the process of “buying” the whole asset. This is similar to the way you purchase a home by making your first mortgage payment.
But there’s a third option when it comes to homes and life insurance policies…
Some people find a home they can “rent to own.” In this arrangement, you, the lessee, would rent the home while securing an option to buy it at a later date. In a lease-to-own agreement, you don’t HAVE to buy it, but you CAN if you choose to. You know you want to buy a home soon, and you’re getting ready.
Did you know that you can “rent to own” a life insurance policy, too?
This type of policy is known as convertible term life insurance. A convertible term policy gives the insured an option to covert a term policy to a permanent, whole life policy at a later date.
A convertible term policy is typically a level term life insurance policy (with a level death benefit for a specific term or length of time, such as $500,000 for 20 years). All or part of it can be converted within a specified time frame. You can apply for a convertible term policy today, put it into place in 4-8 weeks, and decide later if and when you’d like to convert it to a whole life policy… without having to re-qualify.
This could provide a perfect solution for you if you:
- Don’t want to leave your future insurability to chance
- Know you want whole life but are currently on a “term” budget
- Already have a whole life policy and want to lock in your ability to purchase more
- Want to protect your growing income and assets
- Have (or expect to have) children to whom you wish to leave an inheritance
- Wish to have a future option for storing cash in a tax-advantaged environment, or
- Want to increase your death benefit permanently while keeping premiums low right now.
Is convertible term insurance a fit for you? Consider the following…
Five Things to Know about Convertible Term Insurance:
- It locks in your insurability.
This benefit is of utmost importance, whether you realize it or not. You can only obtain life insurance when you are perceived to be relatively healthy, just as you can only obtain home insurance when your house is not on fire!
You also may be able to lock in a better qualifying class than you could obtain later. It is not unusual to experience higher blood pressure, blood sugar, or cholesterol levels, etc. as you age. By obtaining a convertible term insurance policy, you guarantee future insurability and keep your options open.
Future insurability may be especially important if you are healthy now, but there is a family history of diabetes, heart disease, or cancer. However, it can’t be emphasized enough… you have no way of knowing what the future brings. Your insurability can change in a moment.
- You have to convert within a certain time frame.
Typically, convertible term policies can be converted only during a portion of the term, such as the first half of the policy term. For instance, if you own a 10-year convertible term policy, you might have five years to do the conversion. You’ll want to fully understand the time frames of the policy and manage the policy appropriately.
- You can convert just a portion of the policy to whole life insurance.
If you obtain a convertible term policy with a death benefit of $1 million, and wanted to only convert half of it down the road, or convert a portion of it each year, that is typically an option.
Be aware that the company may have a minimum amount for a convertible term insurance policy. If you purchased a $200k policy, and $200k was the company’s minimum amount for convertible term, you could convert a portion to whole life, but you would not be able to keep the remaining amount as convertible term.
- You want to insure your “Human Life Value,” not conduct a “needs analysis” to determine the optimal amount.
Life insurance companies won’t give you insurance in any amount you want. Someone making minimum wage with minimal assets will not be able to obtain $10 million in life insurance; it has to make sense! And there are two common ways to determining how much life insurance you should get.
The “needs analysis” method calculates what your family “needs” in order to get by should a breadwinner die. It may consider the amount needed to pay off a mortgage, pay college tuition, or maintain a certain standard of living for a surviving spouse.
We prefer measuring “Human Life Value” (HLV), which represents a person’s economic value, measured through their earning ability and/or their assets. This is the method that insurance companies use to determine the amount of insurance a person can qualify for.
Typically, HLV is 15-20 times a person’s income, although it can be up to 30 times for a business owner. When the insured is retired, another way to determine HLV is a measure of gross assets, including debt such as mortgages.
We prefer HLV because the needs analysis method typically short-changes heirs and limits the usefulness of life insurance. Since life insurance is the most effective way of passing assets to the next generation and/or non-profits, and whole life is an efficient way to store cash, consider obtaining the maximum amount.
- Convertible term is a fantastic option if you WANT permanent insurance, but don’t want higher premium payments right now.
Convertible term policies are competitively priced. Premiums are only slightly higher than regular term policies for healthy individuals, even though you are putting a potentially permanent death benefit in place.
There is even a cost savings when you convert. An amount equal to one year of convertible term premium payments is typically credited towards your new whole life premiums.
Too often, people delay obtaining life insurance until it is too late. There are many reasons for this procrastination, but if you are delaying because the type of policy you want isn’t quite within your budget, convertible term may be your solution.
Solving the False Dichotomy
As in “steak or lobster?” the question of “whole life or term insurance?” is presented as a false dichotomy. A false dichotomy sets up two apparently opposite choices, and tells us we have to pick one because there’s no way for the two to coexist.
The question polarizes the benefits of a life insurance policy into a false dichotomy of “now or later?” Should you get the maximum death benefit you can afford now (term) or secure a permanent death benefit that will provide a guaranteed benefit later (whole life)?
Of course, you can purchase both term and whole life insurance. Building a portfolio of multiple smaller policies can be an excellent option. And convertible term is the third option that does not make you choose.
It’s Easier Than You Might Think!
You need to be relatively healthy to qualify, but the exam, if required, is fast and hassle free. (They’ll come to you to weigh, measure and do a blood draw.) Theresa is great about guiding you through the paperwork. And you can have a policy in place within the next 4-8 weeks!
If you wish to consider this option and get a no-obligation quote on a convertible term policy, contact Partners for Prosperity today. You can schedule time with Kim or email her any questions you might have. We look forward to helping you!
Have a convertible term policy you are considering converting? Read “Converting Term Insurance to Whole Life.”